IS-ENES and EGI collaboration: towards the implementation of a climate data space in EOSC

Sandro Fiore details the IS-ENES collaboration with EGI

IS-ENES3 is a Horizon 2020 project (2019-2022) that is the third phase of the distributed e-infrastructure of the European Network for Earth System Modelling (ENES).

ENES gathers the European community developing and using climate models of the Earth system and their data, with the key objectives to better understand and predict climate variability and change. ENES activities support the World Climate Research Program (WCRP) coordinated global and regional simulations as well as contribute to the standards for data and metadata required for WCRP’s international repository – the Earth System Grid Federation (ESGF). This community is a key player in the assessments of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and provides the multi-model climate projections on which EU mitigation and adaptation policies are built.

The ENES community faces new challenges as a result of increased model complexity, the challenges of emerging computing platforms and the need to exploit ever-increasing volume and complexity of data by new, multi-disciplinary audiences, to address the climate change societal challenge. IS-ENES3 tackles these challenges through a distributed e-infrastructure of shared models components, tools and data infrastructures. During its third phase, IS-ENES3 aims at pursuing the integration of the Earth’s climate system modelling community, fostering the common development of models and tools and the efficient use of HPC, as well as supporting the exploitation of model data by the Earth system science community, the climate change impact community and the climate service community.

IS-ENES3 partners have been collaborating with the EGI Federation in several EU e-infrastructure projects tackling together data and compute challenges in real scientific case studies from the climate community. Notably, within the European Open Science Cloud context, and more in particular in the EOSC-Hub project, IS-ENES3 partners have delivered a thematic service called ECAS (ENES Climate Analytics Service) which targets analytics needs from the community and can be easily deployed on the EGI infrastructure.

Such effort is now being expanded in the EGI-ACE project, where IS-ENES partners are building around ECAS a climate (model) data space able to deliver a comprehensive data science environment for climate scientists.

Such climate data space will offer in the EOSC context, at the same time:

  • access to relevant datasets from large climate community experiments;
  • data analysis capabilities that will leverage the compute infrastructure capacity offered by EGI, to properly scale according to the users’ demand and widely serve the community.

Remarkably, IS-ENES3 brings also into this collaboration strategic and long-term community aspects like the compute service roadmap and vision as well as the link with the international Earth System Grid Federation (where IS-ENES3 is responsible for providing the EU contribution), a global data infrastructure underlying the delivery of the output produced by several climate experiments. In this respect the example of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP) is the most relevant one, since it is of central relevance to IS-ENES3 and WCRP in the IPCC assessments, and will be partially hosted in the climate data space developed in EGI-ACE.

In such a context, over the next months, the collaboration between IS-ENES partners and EGI will focus on the set up and opening of the IS-ENES data space (expected this autumn) integrating data, services, and high-level tools (i.e. Jupyter Notebooks) for climate scientists on top of storage and compute capacity hosted by EGI.

 

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This article has been contributed by: Sylvie Joussaume (IS-ENES3 Coordinator, IPSL-CNRS), Sandro Fiore (University of Trento), Guillaume Levavasseur (IPSL), Tiziana Ferrari (EGI Foundation) and Giovanni Aloisio (CMCC Foundation and University of Salento).