A short history of EGI
The distributed computing grid was originally conceived in 1999 to analyse the experimental data produced by the Large Hadron Collider at CERN – the European particle physics laboratory located on the Swiss/French border.
The European DataGrid Project, which started in January 2001, led the research and development of grid technologies and proved the grid’s successful application in various research fields – high energy physics, Earth observation and bioinformatics. Starting from March 2004, a series of projects called EGEE (Enabling Grid for E-sciencE) took over the grid’s further development in what would result in three successive two-year phases.
A European Grid Initiative Design Study took place from September 2007 to December 2009. It established the conceptual and logistical framework for a permanent organisation to oversee the operation and development of the grid on a Europe-wide level.
The EGI Foundation, then named EGI.eu, was created on 8 February 2010 to coordinate and maintain the European Grid Infrastructure, a sustainable pan-European infrastructure to support European research communities and their international collaborators.
The EGI-InSPIRE project supported EGI operations for four years until December 2014 with the goal to create a seamless system ready to serve the demands of present and future scientific endeavours.
The EGI-Engage project started in March 2015 to accelerate the implementation of the Open Science Commons by expanding the capabilities of a European backbone of federated services for compute, storage, data, communication, knowledge and expertise, complementing community-specific capabilities.
In 2015, the European Grid Infrastructure became known simply as EGI.